Rod: Long telescopic rod with tapers specifically designed to cast a light line without weight
Line: Level fluorocarbon or tapered furled nylon monofilament, thread, fluorocarbon, or horsehair.
Terminal Tackle: None
Lure: Artificial fly
Delivery: Overhand cast, bow & arrow cast, roll cast, side arm cast, steeple cast, etc. (Same casts as in fly fishing)
Presentation: Dead drift, wet fly swing, pause & drift, pulsating, etc. (Same as in fly fishing)
Approach: Read water, and strategically position oneself for the best presentation. Keep moving and seek out fish in different lies
Cane Pole Fishing
Rod: Long rod (either telescopic or jointed cane) designed to lob weight (or not designed at all in the case of actual cane)
Line: Usually nylon monofilament
Terminal Tackle: Hook, weights, bobber
Lure: Natural or synthetic bait
Delivery: Lob or flip bait into water and let it sink
Presentation: Let live bait swim or let dead bait sit. Watch bobber for signs of a strike. Adjust depth of bait if necessary.
Approach: Typically stationary: sit & wait for fish to take bait.